Artificial intelligence? . Intelligence is the highest thing that makes us human beings on this earth. It has played the most important role in improving our skills and establishing human civilization.
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Narrow vs. General AI: What’s Next for Artificial Intelligence?
Today if humans have developed so much in the field of technology, then our human brain has the biggest hand in it. On the basis of this intelligence, humans have done many inventions and it is not a matter of saying that every invention has given a new direction to the life of human beings. When computers were made, no one thought that we would be able to use anything like a smartphone in the future.
But today it is not only a part of our life but also helps a lot in any of our work. In the last few years, in order to take technology to a different level, some scientists of computer science had put AI concept in front of the world. Its basic objective was to create computer controlled robots or software that could solve a problem by thinking like humans.
But many other scientists believe that such development in technology can make machines superintelligent which will further threaten human existence. How beneficial will Artificial Intelligence or Machine Learning be for humans will tell the future to come. Right now, we tell you what is Artificial intelligence (AI)?
What is Artificial Intelligence
Artificial Intelligence (AI) or “artificial intelligence” is a branch of computer science, AI provide that capability to machine so that they can think and act like human. Such as: voice recognition, problem solving, learning and planning. It is the intelligence displayed by machines as opposed to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals.
It plans to create a computer controlled robot or software that can think the same way as the human mind thinks. Artificial intelligence is constantly being prepared to make it perfect. In its training it is taught experience from machines, is prepared to keep pace with new inputs and perform human-like tasks.
So by the use of Artificial Intelligence overall, such a machine is being created, which can interact with its environment and work wisely on the data received. That is, if the AI concept in the future is strong, it will be like our friend. If you get a problem, then you will tell yourself what to do for it.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is basically the ability to think and learn about a machine or computer program. This concept is based on the idea that machines should be made capable enough to think about a problem like humans and work on it.
Examples of Artificial Intelligence
Today AI is a very popular topic, which has a lot of discussion in the areas of technology and business. Many experts and industry experts believe that AI or machine learning is our future. But if we look around us, we will find that it is not our future but the present. With the development of technology, today we are connected with Artificial Intelligence in some way and are also taking advantage of it. Yes, it is a matter of fact that AI technology is in its first phase.
Recently many companies have invested a lot on machine learning. Due to which many AI products and apps are available to us. So let us now give you some such AI examples used today, so that you will be able to understand more well what is called Artificial Intelligence?
You have probably heard about Siri, it is the most popular virtual assistant offered by Apple . However, it is only available on iPhone and iPad. This is the best example of AI, you just say ‘Hey Siri’ and it can send messages to you, find information on the Internet , make phone calls, open any application, even set a timer. And can help you in tasks like saving events in calendar. More Info…
Siri uses Machine Learning technology to understand your language and questions. It is the most compatible voice activated computer. Related devices are Alexa and Google Assistant too. Which are used for similar work only.
Not only Smartphones but also Automobiles are moving towards Artificial Intelligence. If you are a car geek, you would know about Tesla. It is one of the best automobiles available so far. Tesla car features not only self driving but also productive capabilities and complete technological innovations. Do not know how much self driving car is being made, which will become even smarter in the coming times. More Info…
3. Google Maps
However, Google uses AI in many areas. But AI technology has been put to good use in Google map. Giant AI technology scans road information with AI mapping to tell us the path to any place and gives us the correct route using algorithms. Right now Google has plans to further enhance the artificial intelligence in its google map by improving its voice assistant and creating augmented reality maps in real time. More Info…
Nest was one of the most famous and Artificial intelligence startups and was bought by Google in 2014. The Nest Learning Thermostat saves energy depending on your behavior and routine. It uses behavioral algorithms to do this. It is such an intelligent machine, that it detects the useful temperature for you in just one week. If there is no one in the house, it automatically turns off to save energy.
Google acquired Nest Labs for US$3.2 billion in January 2014 More Info…
Echo was launched by Amazon. This is a revolutionary product that can answer your questions, read audio-books for you, give you traffic and weather conditions, provide information about local business and also provide sports scores. Can do. Echo is also undergoing major changes, adding new features. Hopefully, the time to come will make Echo even smarter. More Info…
History of AI
1950 was also the year when Artificial intelligence research started. Research in the field of AI began with the development of electronic computers and stored-program computers. Even after this, for many decades, a link could not connect a computer to think or act like a human mind. Later, a discovery that greatly accelerated the early development of AI was made by Norbert Wiener.
He has proved that all intelligent behavior of human beings are the result of reaction mechanism. Another step in the direction of modern AI was when Logic Theorist was created. Designed by Newell and Simon in 1955, it can be considered the first AI program.
Father of Artificial Intelligence
After many research, the person who eventually laid the foundation of Artificial intelligence was the father of AI John McCarthy, an American scientist. In 1956, he organized a conference “The Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence” to further develop the field of AI. In which all those people who were interested in machine intelligence could participate. The purpose of this conference was to attract the talent and expertise of interested people to help McCarthy in this task.
In later years the AI Research Center was formed at Carnegie Mellon University as well as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Along with this, AI also faced many challenges. The first challenge he faced was to build a system that could solve a problem efficiently with very little research. The second challenge is building a system that can learn a task by itself. The first breakthrough in the field of artificial intelligence came when a Novel program called General Problem Solver (GPS) was created by Newell and Simon in 1957 .
This was an extension of Wiener’s feedback theory. Through this, more and more problems of common sense could be solved. LISP language was coined by John McCarthy in 1958 in AI History . It was soon adopted by many AI researchers and is still in use today.
As we know, AI is the most powerful and fastest growing technology in the whole world. AI is a type of artificial consciousness that works at the instruction of a human being. Even though Artificial intelligence has been developed by humans, but there is no doubt that AI works more efficiently, better and at a lower cost than humans. That is why AI is being used in many business industry fields.
AI has come in our everyday life to some extent, but the day is not far when we will start using this technology fully. So it is true that AI has a very bright future all over the world. Much of the future work and many areas will depend on AI. Along with this, it is also being speculated that it can have a very bad effect on the lives of humans. So, now let us tell you some of the goals of AI, by which this AI technology will reach us soon.
Increasing decision-making power: The first goal of AI is to create a thinking machine that thinks like humans . Who can solve any human problem by taking a decision by himself. AI has also achieved some achievements in this direction. Recently a female AI Robot (Sophia) was created. It has some degree of decision making power and can easily answer any of your questions. You will also see some similar AI concepts in smart devices like Google home, Siri, Alexa etc.
Efficiency in work: We humans are very lazy in doing any work, due to which we spend a lot of time to complete our tasks and there are more mistakes in them. Seeing this habit of humans, AI researchers are working very fast in this direction. Their basic objective is to make AI so that it can do any task faster with minimum fault.
Time saving: Obviously, AI can work much faster than humans. Because it is a type of machine, it never gets tired of working and like us never takes a break. Looking at this topic, many such AI machines are being made, which will soon replace humans.
What is Artificial Techniques
AI technique is a method that uses derived knowledge. So that its error can be modified to correct it. AI technique is an advanced model of statistical and mathematics models. These models make it possible for a computer or machine to calculate the tasks that are performed by humans. Some examples of this are:
- Artificial Natural Network
- Markov Decision Process
- Natural Language Processing.
Types of Artificial Intelligence
In this era of technology, Artificial intelligence has started to dominate all industries and many fields. The biggest reason for this is that the machine works more effectively than humans. So the day is not far when robots will dominate our world like any Hollywood movies. AI or what we also call machine learning is divided into two main parts.
- Weak Intelligence (Week AI) – Weak intelligence , also known as Nairo AI , focuses entirely on the functioning of the Narrow Task. Weak AI is meant to meet a particular problem as opposed to a strong AI or general artificial intelligence. This machine is not very smart in doing its work. But they are made to look smart. For example, in Ludo Game when you play computer mode, the tokens from one side automatically increase. To do this, all the rules and moves are already fed into the software.
- Strong AI – Strong intelligence that is used to describe a certain mindset of AI development. The goal of this is to develop Artificial intelligence at the point where the intellectual capacity of machines is functionally equal to humans. Strong AI makes machines that can actually think and act like humans. Right now there are no proper examples of this, but some industry has come very close to building a strong AI.
The second part
- Reactive Machines – This machine is very basic because it does not store memory and cannot even use its past experiences to perform any task in the future. Reactive machines react to it just by looking at it. A good example is IBM’s Deep Blue, which defeated Grand Master of Chess Kasparov (Kasparov).
- Self-Awareness – This is an artificial intelligence which has its own consciousness, self-awareness and super intelligence. In simple words, you can also call it a kind of human. But this type of bot is not available yet. If this is possible in future, it will be a big achievement for AI.
- Limited Memory – These are AI systems that can use previous experiences to inform future decisions. Some decision making functions are designed in a self-driving car.
- Theory of mind – This type of AI machine is enabled to communicate, sense, believe, think, expect and socialize people. Although a lot of experiments have been done in this area, but no such thing has come out so that it can be possible.
AI is important because it can help solve difficult issues in various industries such as recreation, education, health, commerce, transportation and utilities. AI applications can be divided into five categories.
1) Knowledge – The ability to present information about the world. Such as financial market trading, purchase forecasting, fraud prevention, drug manufacturing, medical diagnosis, media recommendation, etc.
2) Idea – Ability to solve problems through logic deduction. Such as financial asset management, legal assessment, financial application processing, autonomous weapons system, sports etc.
3) Communication – Ability to understand spoken and written language. Such as real-time translation of spoken and written languages, real-time transcription, intelligent assistant, voice control, etc.
4) Planning – The ability to set and achieve goals. Such as inventory management, part forecasting, predictive maintenance, physical and digital network optimization, navigation etc.
5) Anubhuti – The ability to infer things about the world through sounds, images and other sensory inputs. Such as medical diagnosis, autonomous vehicles, surveillance, etc.
Difference between Artificial Intelligence and Human Intelligence
To understand the differences or differences between AI and Human intelligence, first we have to know what is intelligence? If we give a short definition, our intelligence or intelligence has the ability to achieve any information, the ability to learn from experiences, the ability to see and think and think. Due to its natural behavior, this intelligence collects cognitive functions such as cognition, memory, language and planning. So, let’s study the differences between Artificial intelligence and Human intelligence in detail.
- Human intelligence is defined as the quality of mind. It has the ability to take experience from past experiences, the ability to react favorably to the situation, to deal with thoughts and to use the information received to get oneself out of the situation. The energy efficiency of human intelligence is about 25 watts. Man learns from his life to manage hundreds of skills. Humans have the ability to make decisions from experienced scenarios. Human brain is analog.
- AI’s job is to design machines that can mimic human behavior. Robots use scientific designed instructions. AI is studied and designed by intelligent agents. AI research uses tools and insights from many fields. It also overlaps for functions such as robotics central systems. The energy efficiency of AI is 2 watts in a modern machine or learning machine. The time it takes to teach the system on each responsibility takes much longer.
So overall AI experts believe that AI will be able to do anything in the future. It will be able to do any work better than humans. So let’s see how this affects the human life in the coming times. So friends, hope this post is Artificial Intelligence (AI)? (What is Artificial Intelligence in Hindi) You must have liked and the information given would have helped you a lot in understanding AI.
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